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Surfaces Used for Tennis Court

4 Types of Surfaces Used for Tennis Court

A sport like a tennis needs the right infrastructure. 

Most importantly, it needs a surface that can stand up to high-intensity sports activities. 

The surface should have shock absorption and slip-resistant properties to reduce the impact of falls and help players maintain their grip as they play forehand, backhand, and drop shots. 

An ideal tennis court surfacing should help players train and deliver their peak performance.

You may have queries like –

  • What are the types of surfaces used for the tennis court?
  • Which surface can provide you with better flexibility to play?
  • How to create a space for practice that replicates an ideal tennis court?

In this post, we will share the four key types of tennis court surfaces and the pros and cons of each. We will also help you decide on the most suitable flooring option to ensure high performance.

So, let’s get started.

4 Key Types of Tennis Court Surfacing

#1: Synthetic Grass Surfacing

Synthetic grass surfacing is prepared from artificial grass-like fibers. Some vendors refer to it as artificial grass as it resembles natural grass. Manufacturers use polyethylene or polypropylene fibers to create a grass-like appearance and feel. This type of tennis court flooring is used in the Grand Slam tournament – Wimbledon.


  • The installation cost of synthetic grass surfacing is less than other surfacing materials. 
  • The synthetic weave appears like its original counterpart.
  • The surfacing doesn’t need mowing or adding fertilizers and pesticides for its upkeep.


  • The durability of the surface is poor and can’t bear high-intensity matches. So, maintaining artificial grass courts is expensive in the long run.
  • Water can get accumulated between the fibers, causing players to slip during the matches. Thus, it compromises the safety of players.
  • The tennis ball can skid off the grass surface, leading to a poor playing experience.
  • The surface heats up fast when exposed to the sun. It can make the players uncomfortable on sunny days.

#2: Artificial Clay Surfacing

Artificial clay-court surfacing is prepared using synthetic grass carpet infilled with crushed brick particles and sand. Manufacturers also use red dye to make the surfacing appear like red clay. The International Tennis Federation (ITF) endorses artificial clay surfacing. No wonder, most modern tennis surfaces prefer using this material.


  • The installation cost of an artificial clay tennis court surface is cost-effective.
  • Unlike natural clay, artificial clay never throws up dust. So, the surface doesn’t need watering at all. 
  • They offer controlled spin, sliding, and smooth grip.
  • Balls may bounce higher, giving an advantage to players who are pro in upper hand shots. 
  • Artificial clay courts are easy to maintain as compared to natural clay courts.
  • The porous properties of artificial clay allow water to drain fast, resulting in an anti-slippery surface.


  • Too little or too much infill in the surfacing can restrict the mobility of players.
  • The slow ball movement on the court can make it difficult for players to dominate while serving.
  • The surface needs regular cleaning and may need resurfacing in a few years.

#3: Concrete or Hard Surfacing

Hard courts are created with concrete or asphalt. The material is layered with acrylic on the top. The upper layering is vital to seal the surface and prevent the growth of algae. Besides, it adds a little cushioning to the hard surface.


  • The concrete surfacing has high durability. It is resilient to wear and tear and doesn’t need maintenance at regular intervals.
  • The surface hardly throws any dust and can be cleaned using a regular mop and water.
  • Water accumulation is not at all a problem. The surface offers anti-skid properties. 
  • The tennis ball bounces quite well on concrete surfaces.


  • The initial installation cost of concrete surfacing is high.
  • The shock absorption power of concrete tennis court surfaces is poor. 
  • The impact of falls is high on concrete tennis courts. Falling on this kind of surface can damage your knee joints and ankle. 
  • Repetitive hand and leg movement on the concrete surface can lead to severe fractures and injuries. 
  • The surface tends to hold heat in hot weather conditions. 

#4: Rubber Carpet Surfacing

These courts are constructed with asphalt and a layer of rubber material over them. The rubber carpet provides enough cushioning to reduce the impact of falls. This type of surfacing favors players pro in serving big and hitting hard. Besides, they can be great for volleyers as well.


  • The carpet rubber surfacing is durable and springy. It doesn’t splinter even on experiencing high-intensity movements. 
  • The surface has high shock-absorbing capabilities. They can reduce the impact of injuries and falls to a great extent. So, the safety quotient of this surfacing is high.
  • The rubber material is robust enough to resist cracks due to extreme temperatures, minimizing wear and tear.
  • The surface material has anti-skid properties and offers maximum grip while playing. 
  • They can sustain water spilling and sweat buildup.


  • The upfront cost of carpet rubber surfacing is higher than other materials.
  • The installation process of this kind of tennis court surfacing is tricky. It’s essential to take the guidance of a local rubber surfacing expert to ensure successful installation.

What Makes Rubcorp’s Rubber Surfacing Ideal for Tennis Courts?

Here are the top reasons to consider Rubcorp’s rubber surfacing for tennis courts.

  • Minimizes Muscle Exertion

Rubcorp’s surfacing provides cushioning underfoot and reduces the stress caused to the leg muscles during repetitive and fast movements. 

  • Offers Maximum Grip 

The anti-skid properties of the rubber flooring offer maximum grip and allow players to excel in the forehand, backhand, and other difficult tennis shots. 

  • Reduces the Impact of Falls

Rubcorp’s rubber surfacing material is slip-resistant and has a high coefficient of friction. It helps reduce the impact of severe falls even in wet weather conditions.

  • Easy to Clean and Maintain 

The surface can be cleaned using a mild cleaning solution. Besides, the material is resistant to moisture and stains. It hardly needs serious maintenance for 10-15 years. 

  • Reduces the Impact of Noise While Playing

Rubcorp’s rubber flooring has high noise absorption capabilities that reduce the impact of sound created during tennis matches. This surface allows players to focus on their game.

  • Offers Several Style Options

Rubcorp offers tailored tennis court surfacing solutions. Tennis court administrators can choose colorful EPDM for the court. Further, they can customize the court flooring as per your brand theme. 


Tennis courts need surfacing that absorbs shock, is durable, and has a high safety quotient. 

If you compare the shared types of tennis court surfacing, rubber carpet surfacing is the only one that meets the sport’s and sportsperson’s requirements. They can offer a pleasant experience to players while protecting them from severe injuries.

If you are looking to install a premium rubber surfacing solution, Rubcorp can help! 
Get in touch with our team to know more about rubber surfacing.

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Creative Director, Rubcorp Distribution, LLC

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